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Obtained from the blossoms of Linden or Basswood trees of several species of Tilia; it is known as Linden or Basswood honey in North America and Lime honey in the UK and Europe. It is a premier honey that has been enjoyed for thousands of years. At the height of blossoming in a Linden grove or on a street lined with Linden trees, the ambrosial aroma of the tiny yellow-white flowers surrounds you and draws bees from miles around. Among the most common Linden trees in the United States is the Tilia americana and the White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla). The White Basswood is known as the Bee tree because of the generous amounts of nectar produced by its drooping clusters of flowers (similar to most of the Tilia species). Linden trees and honey are most common east of the Mississippi especially in the more temperate northern regions. Linden grow strongly around the Appalachians. It is also found in central and eastern European countries, Russia and China as the Small-leaved Lime (Tilia Cordata). During strong nectar flows it can be seen glistening on the flowers like morning dew. Nectar flows in late spring to early summer and flows strongest in warm humid weather.
The species of Tilia does not affect the sensory characteristics of Linden Honey, the following applies for Linden honey from all species of Linden. The intensity of the aroma and the taste is stronger than the color would indicate. The usual rule of darker is stronger is broken with Linden honey. When very fresh it has a greenish color, but after a time it becomes clear to amber with a yellow tone. The aroma is described as woody, pharmacy and fresh, also described as mint, balsamic, menthol and camphor. It has low acidity, medium sweet and sometimes a light bitterness. It has a persistent aftertaste and is slightly astringent. The crystallization rate is medium to fast with fine to medium sized crystals. Other aromatic notes (see chemical analysis below): spicy-thyme, mentholated, geranium, hay, phenolic. It goes well with lemon sherbet or herbal teas.
Therapeutic (folk remedies): Linden honey has a wide range of applications, it is primarily used for treating colds and fevers as a diaphoretic, and it is used as a fortifying agent and supports the heart. In Eastern Europe and Russia, it is widely used in the treatment of sore throat, rhinitis, and laryngitis. Linden honey mixed with lemon is used to overcome upcoming colds, and along with tea is said to help in the treatment of liver and gall bladder, and relieve inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It is applied externally to help heal festering sores on the skin, eczema, and burns.